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Low Carb Diabetic Diet

It will be good if diabetics can know the different types of carbohydrates, but it is more crucial for them to be able to control the amount with a low carb diabetic diet.

Regardless if it is pasta, bread, rice or beans, managing the amount of carbohydrates in a diabetic diet is important. Overly intake carbohydrates will affect the blood glucose levels, which should be strictly under control for diabetics. It could lead to heart, eye and nerve damage in the long term if it is not under controlled.

To control the blood glucose levels, diabetics must learn to understand how carbohydrates work in the body and what type of carbohydrates they should take in more.

Carbohydrates are mainly classified into three main types:

Starches, Fibre and Sugars. Starches and fibre are understand as complex carbohydrates. Rice, barley and corn and are common sources of starch, whereas fibre exist in whole grains and nuts. Normally, complex carbohydrates are being digested more slowly. This enables blood glucose levels to be control. Complex carbohydrates also contain minerals, vitamins and phyto-chemicals, which a nutritional benefits that that rare in simple sugar foods.

Sugars are simple carbohydrates that convert into glucose rapidly in our body. Some of these examples are fructose, which is fruit sugar and those sugar used for making cookie.

However, classifying carbohydrates into two main types - simple and complex is not enough to display how this type of food is processed by the body.

This can be shown using the white bread which is classify as the complex carbohydrate due to it having the starch content, but our body converts this starch to blood sugar seemingly as rapid as it processes pure glucose.

Comparing with the kidney beans, which are also complex carbohydrates, are digested more slowly by our body, allowing a more subtle blood glucose levels change. Hence, to know how carbohydrates really affect the blood glucose levels the Glycaemic index (GI) is introduce.

The glycaemic index (GI) divides food into low, medium and high levels, which is a reliable indicator of how carbohydrates work.

Low GI foods are being digested in our body more slowly and glucose is gradually being release into the bloodstream. These are slow-release carbohydrates mainly beans and legumes and also the oatmeal. But not all low GI foods are beneficial to us. Chocolate has low GI but it nutritional level value is also low.

High GI food can cause blood glucose to spikes. These types of food are fries and white bread. Similarly, many nutritious foods with greater GI value can have better nutritional value than the low GI foods.

Ultimately, one should use balanced GI with basic nutrition principles. Taking note of a food GI is only one area to diabetes management. Diabetics should also note the total amount carbohydrates they have consume as it is the main source for affecting the blood glucose levels, generally they should practice having a low carb diabetic diet.

Memory Supplement Using Insulin

United States researchers discovered that supplying insulin up the noses of early forms of Alzheimer patients show signs of improving their memory.

Insulin is a hormone that is required for the communication between brain cells and is required for brain functionality.

A four months insulin treatment for the patients showed improvements in memory recall during the test which lasted for two months. These findings are very promising and they could warrant future trials.

The test consists of 109 non-diabetic patients with Alzheimer disease or a precursor condition, which is known as mild cognitive impairment. The experiment is to see what would happen if insulin is directly delivered to the brain.

The patients received different doses of insulin supply directly up their nose twice daily for four months using a nebuliser loaded with insulin.

The patients who received lesser dose of insulin display significant sign of improvements on all primary measurements of thinking, memory and their ability to perform daily activities.

Currently no Alzheimer’s drug have been shown to improve memory, more tests and treatments are required to ascertain that memory supplement using insulin.

Breakfast for Diabetics – Three Ideas

This article will talk about breakfast for diabetics and giving you three diabetic breakfast ideas.

First of all, we look at why breakfast is important to diabetic. Our body goes without food when we are sleeping, these will result in lower blood sugar levels in our body. Breakfast will help us restore our blood sugar level. Thus, these will put diabetics at risk if they are skipping breakfast.

Researchers have already classified breakfast as the most important meal of the day whether you are a diabetic or not.

At night our body typically goes without food, which is a source of glucose, for upto 12 hours. This prolong period of fasting in the body mobilizes its glucose stores in the form of glycogen. The gradually breaking down of glycogen help maintains blood glucose levels during the night but the supply of glycogen stores may be used up by the next morning.

This could mean trouble for diabetics who have taken blood glucose-lowering drugs the night before, whereby these drugs could still be effective in the next morning, this will result in blood glucose levels dropping further, increasing the risk of hypoglycaemia or low blood sugar. Hypoglycaemia symptoms include giddiness and irritability. One may even fall into a coma in severe cases.

This is why diabetics should start the day with a new supply of glucose by taking breakfast instead of skipping. A good breakfast will also prevent diabetics from overeating during lunch. Overeating could lead to an increase in their blood sugar levels.

Diabetic should have a well-planned breakfast menu that is nutritionally balanced and provides adequate energy. Diabetics should not avoid carbohydrates.

Some diabetics may avoid carbohydrates thinking that the body converts them into blood glucose. However, carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body and the only source of energy for the brain.

Hence, it is best to choose slow release carbohydrates food like kidney beans, chickpeas and wholegrain bread. Such foods reduce the possibility for spikes in blood glucose as they are being digested slowly.

Diabetics should also take note to include other food groups, like low-fat protein, fruit and vegetables and a small amount of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which is commonly known as the good fats.

These following are three breakfast ideas for diabetics:

• Take in breakfast shakes make by low-fat milk, yogurt or soya bean milk, which supply good quality protein and calcium for healthy bones. Diabetic can also add with high-fibre wholegrain cereals (oats or muesli) and blend it with fruit and flax seeds.

• Take sandwiches breakfast with wholegrain bread together with low-fat cheese or lean ham, sliced tomatoes, cucumber and celery. A sandwich with two slices of wholegrain bread, may get up to 5g of dietary fibre or approximately 20% of a daily needs.

• Consume brown rice vermicelli which is higher in fibre and use less oil for frying. Adding vegetables and some firm soya bean cake to it will increase more nutrients, fibre and protein for the breakfast.

Avandia Diabetes Drug Effects Under FDA Scrutiny

News of Avandia diabetes drug effects under FDA scrutiny came early July 2010. Food and Drug Administration committee (FDA) commitee delivered a divide verdict on the diabetes drug Avandia on 14 July 2010. Pressure on Avandia diabetes drug, made by GlaxoSmithKline, mounted as a scientist from FDA questioned the conduct of a trial measuring the cardiovascular safety of the medicine.

GlaxoSmithKline is the maker of Avandia diabetes drug, which is getting heavy fire from both the FDA and the European Medicines Agency. Both drug guard dog will be meeting over the next few weeks to look into multiple disciplines formerly performed on the drug which indicate that it brings up the danger of heart problems in those taking it.

FDA will review over 7,000 pages of data on Avandia to find out if it is really presenting a health risk to those taking it. There has data released from as far back as year 2005 that does in reality present that the drug is unsafe, and GlaxoSmithKline is facing multiple lawsuits as a effect of people getting heart problems from it.

Last year, GlaxoSmithKline released the results of the study, which showed Avandia was not associated with an increment in cardiovascular hospitalisation or cardiovascular death compared with patients receiving two other commonly used diabetes drugs.

GlaxoSmithKline has insisted on the safety of the medication, which is used to control blood sugar levels in diabetics. GlaxoSmithKline overall conclusion was that the data from Record was robust and reliable, and the conduct of the study was done to good clinical practice standards.

Britain's biggest drug company submitter a comprehensive review to the panel showed Avandia was safe, adding that results have been seen from six controlled clinical trials dealing with the cardiovascular safety of Avandia since 2007. Collectively, they indicate that this medicine does not increase the overall risk of heart attack, stroke or death.

However, a study published in 2007 that linked Avandia to an increased risk of heart attacks and other related problems has caused annual sales of Avandia to dropped from about $3 billion in 2006 to about $1 billion.

Presently, Avandia diabetes drug accompanies a warning of increased heart failure risk, and with many diabetic battling their weight. The FDA committe can recommend the drug be withdrawn from the market if it decide that risks associated with the drug greater than its benefits. Despite all the damning data, the drug remains on the market for now.

Diabetes Causes of Heart Disease

Study has shown that diabetes causes of heart disease, diabetics are twice as likely to have heart disease than non-diabetics. Generally, there are 2 types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes - a status where the body creates little or no insulin, a hormone that helps to maintain blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes - The body has turn immune to the effects of the insulin it creates. Type 2 diabetes is common.

More Children Are Affected With Diabetes
Approximately 90 percent of diabetics around the world have Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually happens in the middle age, however, more and more young people are being found with Type 2 diabetes.

Children as young as eight years old can be affected by diabetes. However, most cases happens when a child is age 12 or older.

The reason for this increment in numbers among the young of today, is their diet. Unhealthy lifestyles are the result in more people becoming diabetic. Many young people snack frequently on fast food, increasing their risk of getting diabetes. Most fast food, like burgers and fries, are high in fat and refined carbohydrates, which can raise blood-sugar levels and cause obesity. All this put them at higher risk of getting the heart disease.

Heart Attack Risk
People with diabetes have a higher-than-average risk of having a heart attack. Over time, high blood-sugar levels can hasten the accumulation of fatty deposits (cholesterol) on the insides of the blood vessel walls. These deposits could affect blood flow, increasing the chance of clogging up and solidifying of blood vessels (atherosclerosis).

The most common type of heart disease in diabetics is coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is a assigned term for the narrowing of heart arteries by Cholesterol deposition and typically involves the major arteries of the heart. Coronary artery disease is more severe in people with diabetes.

It affects both the major arteries as well as smaller ones. When smaller arteries also get clogged up, this is known as small vessel disease. Damage is more widespread. Small vessel disease is more difficult to deal with because they are typically less than 2mm in diameter and are typically not suitable for coronary stents. Stents are the minute scaffolding used to keep the walls of a blocked artery open. Hence, it is vital for young people to cultivate a healthy lifestyle to ward off diabetes.

Besides the heart disease risks associated with diabetes, young people can also face heightening insurance costs. Life assurance probably will become more expensive and hard to acquire. A healthy lifestyle is not difficult to stick to, provided one quits smoking, exercises more and avoids being overweight.

For those who are already a diabetic, effective control over the disease is the key issue. This means visiting a general practitioner or diabetes specialist for medical checkups and maintaining blood-sugar levels in check.

In addition, levels of LDL-Cholesterol, or bad cholesterol, should also be kept low to reduce the risk of heart attacks.