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Gestational Diabetes Classification A1-A2

Gestational diabetes classification have 2 subtypes of classification. The two subtypes of gestational diabetes under this classification system are class A1 and A2.

Gestational diabetes classification general definition - The diabetes which began during pregnancy. A gestational diabetes occur when a mother who does not have diabetes but builds up a resistivity to insulin because of the hormones of pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes Classification A1-A2
Gestational Diabetes Classification A1-A2

Gestational diabetes classification A1

Non-insulin dependent - diet controlled. unusual oral glucose permissiveness test (OGTT), but usual blood glucose levels during fasting and two hours after meals; diet modification is sufficient to moderate glucose levels.

Gestational diabetes classification A2

Insulin dependent - insulin controlled. unusual OGTT intensified by abnormal glucose levels on fasting and/or after meals; supplemental therapy with insulin or other medications is required

The 2nd group of diabetes which can exist before pregnancy which is known as the Pre-existing diabetes, whereby women who already have insulin-dependent diabetes and become pregnant, can be further breakdown into the following classes.

* Classification B - diabetes is developed at age 20 or older, have had the disease less than 10 years, these class has no vascular complications.

Classification C - diabetes is developed between age 10 and 19 or have had the disease for 10-19 years, no vascular complications involved.

Classification D - diabetes is developed before age 10 (children's diabetes), have had the disease more than 20 years, vascular complications are present.

* Classification F - diabetic women with kidney disease called diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy (nephropatia diabetica), also known as Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome and intercapillary glomerulonephritis, is a progressive kidney disease caused by angiopathy of capillaries in the kidney glomeruli. It is characterized by nephrotic syndrome and diffuse glomerulosclerosis. It is due to longstanding diabetes mellitus

Classification R - diabetic women with proliferative retinopathy (retinal damage). Retinopathy is a general term that refers to some form of non-inflammatory damage to the retina of the eye. Frequently, retinopathy is an ocular manifestation of systemic disease.

Classification RF: retinopathy and nephropathy

Classification T - diabetic women who have undergone prior kidney transplant before developing diabetes.

Classification H - diabetic women with coronary artery or other heart disease. Ischaemic or ischemic heart disease (IHD), or myocardial ischaemia, is a disease characterized by ischaemia (reduced blood supply) to the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries).

Gestational diabetes classification A1-A2 may be effectively managed by appropriate meal planning, increased physical activity and properly-instituted insulin treatment.

Diabetes General Definition

The diabetes general definition is defined as a polygenic disease characterised by unusual richly glucose levels in the blood. Diabetes general definition is the inability of the body to create, or the inability to metabolize, the human hormone insulin. Insulin is a hormone developed in the pancreas which enable body cells to engage glucose, to converting into energy. Several metabolic disorders are marked by excessive urination.

Diabetes General Definition
Diabetes General Definition

Diabetes General Definition

The word "diabetes" is adopted from the Greek word meaning "a siphon". The Greek physician in the 2nd-century A.D., Aretus the Cappadocian, listed the condition "diabetes." He explained that patients with it had polyuria and "passed water like a siphon."

When "diabetes" is used alone, it refers to diabetes mellitus. The two main types of diabetes mellitus - insulin-requiring type 1 diabetes and adult-onset type 2 diabetes - are discrete and dissimilar diseases in themselves. Another type is the Gestational diabetes. All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became medically available in 1921

Diabetes general definition or definition of diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting irregularities in the body's ability to use sugar. Diabetes is characterized by:

* Raised blood sugars for months to years.
* Both the hereditary and environmental factors leads to its growth and advancement.
* A relative or total lack of effective passing on insulin. Insulin is a essence made by the pancreas which reduces the blood sugar in connective with meals.

Diabetes is generally characterized by either:
1. Diabetes type 1 definition - An inability of the pancreas to produce insulin or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or

2. Definition of diabetes type 2 - An inability of insulin to maintain its normal physiological activities or non-insulin dependent diabetes.

Diabetes are often recognized in patients and their families by excessive urination, thirst, weight loss and/or a deficiency of energy. But diabetes is frequently silent and could exist for many years without the being aware of by individual.

Diabetes mellitus affects certain target tissues, tissues which are tender to the damaging effects of chronically high blood sugar levels. These target tissues includes the eye, the kidney, the nerves and the large blood vessels, such as in the heart.

The above conclude the diabetes general definition for definition of diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2 definition.